Cymraeg ardal@ardal-wales.co.uk
Ardal

Hut Circles

Holyhead Mountain Hut Group

Round Huts & Early Settlements

By 2500 BC, the early farmers were moving into upland areas where they settled and farmed the area. Archaeological evidence suggests that round huts were being occupied from the Middle Bronze Age through to the golden age of stone hut settlements during the late Bronze Age.  Stone buildings were occupied from the Iron Age through to the 5th Century AD.

Most round huts were gathered in clusters known as hut circles, some within an enclosure, while some were loosely scattered on hillsides.

Round huts were circular structures usually consisting of stone built walls, or wooden posts with wattle-and-daub panels, and a having conical thatched roof. Wattle consists of panels of woven timber plastered by daub, which is a mixture of clay and straw.

The thatched roofing was usually made of water reed and was quite thick. Although they had no chimneys, smoke from the hearth was able to seep through without causing fire. The thatch was supported by a frame of heptagonal-ringed beams of timber lengths with rafters.

Archaeological experiments have ruled out the use of chimneys in roundhouses.

These are just some of those settlements mainly from the late Bronze Age, Iron Age and into the Roman period when the people of the British Isles settled and became Romano-British civilians.

Below is a list of all the known hut circles & early settlements in the area

Only the surrounding the areas of Anglesey and old Caernarvonshire are included

I have included an O/S number on all historical sites to enable everyone to locate using an O/S map.

20 DSCF5164 DSCF5103

The pictures above gives you an idea of how round huts may have looked

Aber

  • Crymlyn Oaks – Iron Age /Romano-British enclosed hut groups (field system) – Abergwyngregyn SH643714
  • Ffridd Ddu (A) – Romano-British enclosed settlement – Abergwyngregyn SH654717
  • Ffridd Ddu (B) – Iron Age hut group (multi period) – Abergwyngregyn SH651713
  • Cae’r Mynydd – Romano-British hut group – Abergwyngregyn SH657713
  • Afon Rhaiadr Fawr – 3 Romano-British hut circles – (3 nearby circles) Abergwyngregyn SH664714
  • Aber Valley – 2 Iron Age hut group (possible later use) – (nr Aber Falls) Abergwyngregyn SH667703
  • Rhaiadr Bach (A) – Iron Age hut circle settlement – (hills above Aber Falls) Abergwyngregyn SH667696
  • Rhaiadr Bach (B) – settlement (used as sheepfold) – Abergwyngregyn SH665694
  • Afon Goch – Iron Age enclosed hut circles – (hills above Aber Falls) Abergwyngregyn SH671696
  • Afon Anafon (A) – 2 Romano-British hut circles – (nr Foel Dduarth) Abergwyngregyn SH678710
  • Afon Anafon (B) – Romano-British hut circle – (nr Foel Dduarth) Abergwyngregyn SH684711
  • Bod Silin – late Bronze Age enclosed hut group (nearby field system) – Abergwyngregyn SH677722
  • Foel Dduarth (A) – late Bronze Age hut group – Abergwyngregyn SH677716
  • Foel Dduarth (B) – late Bronze Age enclosure – (modern structure inside circle) Abergwyngregyn SH680717
  • Foel Dduarth (C) – Romano–British enclosed settlement – Abergwyngregyn SH682719
  • Hafod y Celyn – late Bronze Age hut group – Abergwyngregyn SH674714

Llandegai – Pentir – Llanllechid

  • Bryn Cegin – early Iron Age settlements (rems, now industrial est.) – Llandygai SH595710
  • Cororion – small Roman enclosed settlement – Felin Hen, Tregarth SH594685
  • Fodol Ganol – Iron Age enclosed hut group settlement (rems) – Pentir SH550685
  • Gors y Brithdir – Iron Age / medieval enclosed hut group (rems) – Pentir SH555688
  • Bronydd Isaf – enclosed circle settlements – (nr Crymlyn) Llanllechid SH63187066
  • Nant Heilyn – possible Bronze Age hut circle – (nr Crymlyn) Llanllechid SH642706
  • Rhiw Goch – Iron Age / early medieval small-enclosed settlement – Llanllechid SH617693
  • Llanllechid – late Bronze Age enclosed hut group & settlements – Llanllechid SH632685
  • Corbri – late Bronze Age hut circle settlement – Llanllechid SH616687
  • Rachub– late Bronze Age enclosed hut settlements – (nr Tynffridd) Llanllechid SH628679
  • Parc – Iron Age hut circle – Bethesda SH638668
  • Cwm Ffrydlas – enclosed hut circle & settlements – Llanllechid SH643684
  • Cwm Pen Llafar – 2 Iron Age hut circle settlements (with nearby settlements) – Llanllechid SH659650
  • Cwm Caseg – Iron Age / Romano-British – scattered hut circles & settlements – Llanllechid SH668671
  • Moel Faban – Iron Age enclosed hut groups (many nearby settlements) – Llanllechid SH630678
  • Twll Pant Hiriol – Iron Age hut circle – Llanllechid SH641688
  • Gallt y Mawn – Iron Age hut group – Llanllechid SH643675
  • Mynydd Du – Iron Age hut circles & enclosures (with nearby settlements) – Llanllechid SH650650
  • Ffos y Foelgraig – Iron Age hut circle – Llanllechid SH639644
  • Gyrn Wigiau – Iron Age to later settlements & field system – (nr Afon Caseg) Llanllechid SH657669

Rhiwlas – Llanddeiniolen – Llanrug – Llanberis

Coed y Castell - Copy (2)

caer mynydd 2 Caer Mynydd

  • Gerlan Hut Group – Iron Age hut circle settlement – (nr Pentir) Rhiwlas SH588669
  • Tynllidiart – Romano-British hut circle – Moel y Ci, Rhiwlas SH587660
  • Cefn y Braich – Romano-British enclosed hut settlement – Rhiwlas
  • Coed y Castell Settlement – Romano-British enclosed hut settlement – Rhiwlas SH568652
  • Bronnydd – late Bronze Age / Iron Age / Romano-British enclosed hut group (homestead) – Rhiwlas SH575649
  • Caer Mynydd (Rhiwlas Round Hut) – Romano-British enclosed hut circle (homestead) – (nr Buarth Beran) Rhiwlas SH572646
  • Buarth Beran – Iron Age hut circle – Rhiwlas SH569647
  • Cae Cerrig – Romano-British enclosed hut settlement – Deiniolen SH574642
  • Blaen y Cae Uchaf (Moel Rhiwen) – probable Romano-British enclosure – Deiniolen SH574641
  • Moel Rhiwen – Iron Age hut circles – Deiniolen SH580644
  • Ty Mawr (A) – enclosed hut circle – (nr Gors Bach) Llanddeiniolen SH551666
  • Ty Mawr (B) – enclosed settlement (unknown period) – (nr Gors Bach) Llanddeiniolen SH552667
  • Pen y Groes – Romano enclosed hut settlement – (nr Dinas Dinorwig) Llanddeiniolen SH548650
  • Cae Bach, Glascoed Ancient Village – enclosed hut settlement – (nr Dinas Dinorwig) Llanddeiniolen SH547645
  • Cae Metta – Romano-British enclosed hut settlements (residents from Dinas Dinorwig) – Llanrug SH536650
  • Cae Corniog – late Bronze Age ancient encampment – (nr Dinas Mawr) Penisarwaun SH555636
  • Tan y Coed – Romano-British & early medieval hut groups – (nr Pont Rhythallt) Llanrug SH550636
  • Rhyd y Galen – 2 hut circles – near Aden, Bethel – SH518645 / SH514643
  • Cefn Mawr – Romano-British hut circles – Bethel SH5336522
  • Mur-y-Moch, Clegyr – Iron Age / Romano-British enclosed hut group – Llanrug SH553617
  • Pen y Bwlch (nr Mur -y-Moch) , Clegyr – Iron Age hut group settlement – Llanrug SH551615
  • Gallt y Celyn, Clegyr – Ancient hut settlements – Llanrug SH552614
  • Parc y Gleision, Cefn Du –Iron Age / Romano-British hut circles – Llanrug SH547616
  • Carrreglefain, Cefn Du – Iron Age / Romano-British hut circles – Llanrug SH541616
  • Ty’r Nawn – Iron Age hut circle – Llanberis SH571591
  • Yr Aelgarth – Iron Age hut circles – Llanberis SH569586
  • Ffridd Glyn – Iron Age hut circle – Llanberis SH560601
  • Ceunant Bach – Iron Age / Romano-British hut circles – Llanberis SH577587

Mur y Moch Hut CircleGallt y Celyn hut circleGallt y Celyn 2 Hut Circle 

Caernarfon – Llanwnda – Rhostryfan – Rhosgadfan – Waunfawr

  • Rhyd Menai – enclosed hut circle settlement – Caernarfon SH498649
  • Coed Glan yr Afon – Romano-British enclosed hut circle – (nr) Bontnewydd SH503595
  • Saron – Roman hut circle settlement – (nr Ty Uchaf) Llanfaglan SH464591
  • Ty Uchaf – Romano-British settlement – Llanwnda SH464591
  • Rhedynog Felen – Iron Age enclosed hut circle – Llanwnda SH465578
  • Bodgarad – late Bronze Age ancient enclosed settlement – Rhostryfan SH502585
  • Hafotty Newydd – late Bronze Age enclosed hut group – Rhostryfan SH497571
  • Hafoty Wernlas – probable Romano-British settlement – Rhostryfan SH500582
  • Coed y Brain – Iron Age / Romano-British hut group – Rhostryfan SH493572
  • Cae’rodyn (A) – possible late Bronze Age hut circle – Rhostryfan SH497572
  • Cae’rodyn (B) – Romano-British hut circle – Rhostryfan SH495573
  • Cae’r Sais – Iron Age hut circle – Rhostryfan SH500572
  • Penyffridd – Romano-British hut circles – Rhostryfan SH501567
  • Tan y Rhiw – Romano-British / early medieval enclosed hut circle – Rhosgadfan SH501565
  • Pen y Bryn – Romano-British hut circles – (nr viewpoint) Rhosgadfan SH510585
  • Erw – enclosed hut circle settlements – (nr viewpoint) Rhosgadfan SH512586
  • Bryn Mair – Iron Age hut circle – Waunfawr SH515588
  • Llwyn Bedw – late Bronze Age enclosed hut circle – Waunfawr SH528582

Groeslon – Penygroes – Carmel – Nantlle

  • Llwyn y Cogau – Romano-British settlement area (earthwork)Glynllifon, Groeslon SH465550
  • Tyddyn Bach – Romano-British enclosed settlement – Penygroes SH476540
  • Llwyn Du – enclosed circular settlement (undated) – Penygroes SH479539
  • Pen Llwyn – Iron Age & Romano-British hut group – (nr Cilgwyn) Carmel SH485544
  • Bro Rhedyn – 2 Iron Age hut circles (scattered) – Y Fron SH513545
  • Pen Hafodlas – late Bronze Age enclosed hut circle & settlement – Talysarn SH491536
  • Geulan – Iron Age hut circle – Nantlle SH519539
  • Gelli Ffrydiau (A) –Romano-British settlements & hut circles (rems) – Nantlle SH521537
  • Gelli Ffrydiau (B) – Iron Age hut circle – Nantlle SH523539
  • Caeronwy Uchaf (A) – Romano-British enclosed settlements –Nantlle SH521543
  • Caeronwy Uchaf (B) – Iron Age hut group – Nantlle SH527442
  • Drws y Coed – late Iron Age / Romano-British settlement – (nr) Dyffryn Nantlle SH546536
  • Cwm Bran – Romano-British hut group settlement – Clynnog SH472482
  • Graeanog – Roman / Iron Age settlement – Clynnog SH458493

Anglesey

Holyhead Mountain Hut Group (2) Holyhead Mountain Hut Group (3)

  • Mynydd y Twr – (Holyhead Mountain Hut Group) – prehistoric hut circles settlement – Holyhead SH211820
  • Ty Mawr – (Cytiau’r Gwyddelod) – Iron Age hut group – Holyhead SH213821
  • Ynys Leurad (Cytiau Gwyddelod) – Iron Age hut circle – Valley SH276790
  • Porth Dafarch (Cytiau’r Gwyddelod) – Iron Age hut group settlements (multi period) – Trearddur SH233800
  • Hafod yr Rhos (Cytiau’r Gwyddelod) – hut settlement – Trearddur SH229809
  • Tre-Arddur – early Iron Age enclosed hut group – Trearddur SH262798
  • Capel Llochwydd – Iron Age enclosed hut group – Trearddur SH214828
  • Castellor – ancient hut settlements – Bryngwran SH335761
  • Glan’r Afon – hut circle – (late period roundhouse) – Llangallo, Moelfre SH500854
  • Parc Salmon – hut group (possible later period) – Moelfre SH500861
  • Bwlch y Dafarn – enclosed hut settlements (multi period) – Moelfre SH492856
  • Bodafon Mountain – Romano-British enclosed hut group – Moelfre SH470849
  • Cae Marh – hut group (late period roundhouse) – Marianglas, Moelfre SH501846
  • Caerhoslligwy – enclosed hut group – Benllech SH489851
  • Bwlch – enclosed hut group – Benllech SH512816
  • Pant y Saer – Iron Age / Romano-British enclosed hut group – Benllech SH513824
  • Mariandyrys – enclosed hut settlement (multi period) – Llanddona SH596812
  • Buarth Cyttir – hut circle – Llanddona SH573795
  • Parc Dinmor – Iron Age hut group settlements – Penmon SH634812
  • Penmon Settlement – hut circle settlement – Penmon SH627810
  • Tyddyn Sadler – enclosed hut group – Llangristiolus SH411737
  • Pont Sarn-Las – ancient hut circle settlement – (nr Bodowyr) Llanidan SH471678
Some areas may be on private land and permission to roam may be required.
 There are public footpaths leading to most places.
Safety and care must be taken at all times, as some areas are difficult to get to due to hills and slopes that may lead away from paths.
If you have any further information that may be helpful, I would kindly appreciate and accept any further assistance.