Cymraeg ardal@ardal-wales.co.uk
Ardal

Burial Chambers

maen y bardd

Burial Chambers (3000BC – 2000BC)

The Neolithic period starts from 4000BC, around the time when communities started farming and settling in an area, breaking away from the hunter-gatherer way of living. As small tribal communities settled, the population also grew, thus giving more importance to agricultural farming, creating new farmland and transforming the landscape around them.

It is around this time when Megalithic structures were constructed. Chambered tombs such as passage graves were mainly constructed from around 3500BC for the communal burial of the dead. Some would have been multiple burials covered by an earth barrow or stone cairn. Examples of these kinds of burial chambers are to be seen at Bryn Celli Ddu and Barclodiad y Gawres on Anglesey,  probably the most well known of the burial chambers we have in this part of North Wales.

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Types of Burial chambers

  • Passage grave – has narrow passage made of large stones, some have multiple graves (some have corbelled roofs)
  • Chambered tomb – covered by earth or barrow (mound)
  • Chambered cairn – a chamber covered by stones (some may be passage graves)
  • Dolmen (Cromlech) – usually single chambered tomb with flat capstone (portal tomb) – (ancient term for burial chamber)
  • Barrow (Tumulus) – a rounded earthen mound – bronze age, covering a burial
  • Long Barrow – a long Neolithic mound covering multiple burial chambers
  • Cairn – a rounded mound of stones, covering a burial

Cairns are not mentioned in my list, as there are too many scattered around on most hilltops. These usually consist of piles of stones covering a probable later Bronze Age to Iron Age burials. They are not regarded in the same high regard as the larger Neolithic stone built burial chambers.

Below is a list of all the known burial chambers in the area

I have included an O/S number on all historical sites to enable everyone to locate using an O/S map.

Gwynedd

 capel garmon  capel garmon (2nd chamber)

  • Bryn – Neolithic chambered tomb – Felinheli SH515660
  • Glyn Arthur – Bronze Age burial cairn – (nr Dinas Dinorwig) Llanddeiniolen SH546653
  • Parc Bach – burial chamber (possible rems)(nr Dolbadarn) Llanberis SH585598
  • Frondeg / Sling – Neolithic chambered tomb – Llandygai SH605668

Bryn burial chamberParc Bach, DolbadarnSling (3)

  • Llety’r Filiast – chambered cairn – Llandudno SH772829
  • Allor Molloch / Hendre-Waelod – Neolithic chambered tomb – Glan Conwy SH792747
  • Rhiw (Caerhun Burial Chamber) – Neolithic chambered tomb – (nr Maen-y-Bardd) Tal-y-Fan, Rowen SH741718
  • Maen-y-Bardd – Neolithic chambered tomb – Tal-y-Fan, Rowen SH740717
  • Waen Bryn-Gwenith – burial chamber (possible dolmen)(nr) Dolgarrog SH744673
  • Capel Garmon – Neolithic chambered tomb (2 inner chambers) – Capel Carmon, Betws-y-Coed SH818543
  • Maen Pebyll – Bronze Age round barrow – Nebo (nr) Capel Garmon  SH843566

Llety'r FfiliastHendre Waelod, Allor MollochHendre Waelod, Allor Molloch

  • Bachwen – Neolithic chambered tomb – Clynnog SH407494
  • Pennarth – chambered tomb – Clynnog SH430512
  • Cromlech Cefnamlwch / Coetan Arthur – Neolithic chambered (dolmen) (nr) Tudweiliog SH229345
  • Tan-y-Muriau /Rhiw – Neolithic chambered cairn (rems)(nr Rhiw) Aberdaron SH237287
  • Bronheulog – collapsed chambered long cairn (rems)(nr Rhiw) Aberdaron SH232282
  • Cilan Uchaf – Neolithic chambered tomb – (nr Llanengan) Abersoch SH300235
  • Mynydd Tir y Cwmwd – burial chamber – (nr) Lanbedrog SH325311
  • Cromlech Y Ffor – megalithic round cairn chamber (cromlech) – Four Crosses SH399384
  • Cefn Isaf – chambered tomb (dolmen) – Rhoslan SH484409
  • Ystumcegid – chambered tomb dolmen – (nr) Rhoslan SH498413
  • Caer-Dyni – burial chamber – Criccieth – SH511383

DSCF5404Four Crosses CromlechPennarth Burial Chamber

  • Cist Cerrig – chambered tomb – (nr) Porthmadog SH544384
  • Gwern Einion – Neolithic chambered tomb (Dolmen) – (nr) Llanfair, Harlech SH587286
  • Dyffryn Ardudwy – 2 Neolithic double-chambered tomb – Dyffryn Ardudwy SH588228
  • Cors-y-Gedol – Neolithic chambered tomb – Dyffryn Ardudwy SH603228
  • Bron y Foel Isaf – chambered tomb – (nr) Coed Ystumgwern, Dyffryn Ardudwy SH607246
  • Carneddau Hengwm – Neolithic long cairn chambered tomb – (nr) Tal-y-Bont, Dyffryn Ardudwy SH613205

ystumcegidCefn Isaf Burial Chamber Caer Dyni burial chamber

Dyffryn Ardudwy burial chambersRhiw (Caerhun burial chamber)Maen y Bardd burial chamber

Anglesey

Bryn Celli Du Burial Chamber

  • Ty Mawr – Neolithic chambered tomb / passage grave – Llanfairpwllgwyngyll SH538721
  • Bryn Celli Ddu – Neolithic passage grave & henge (c 2000BC late Neolithic) – Llanddaniel Fab SH507701
  • Bryn yr Hen Bobl – Neolithic chambered tomb (dolmen) – Llanddaniel Fab SH519690
  • Plas Newydd – (2) Neolithic chambered tombs (dolmen) – Llanddaniel Fab SH519697
  • Perthiduon – possible capstone boulder of a megalithic tomb, fallen on its supporters (dolmen) – Brynsiencyn SH480668
  • Carn – Neolithic round barrow, burial mound – Brynsiencyn SH488669
  • Carn – capstone of a megalithic tomb, fallen on its supporters (dolmen) -Brynsiencyn SH484666
  • Bodowyr – Neolithic passage grave – (nr) Llangaffo SH462681
  • Graiglas – Bronze Age round barrow – Llangristiolus – SH415748

Ty MawrPlas Newydd burial chambersbodowyr

  • Henblas Cromlech – large natural eratics (possibly adapted for Bronze Age burials) – Llangristiolus SH425719
  • Din Dryfol – Neolithic chambered cairn – Aberffraw SH395724
  • Barclodiad y Gawres – Neolithic passage grave (c 3000-2500BC) Llangwyfan SH329707
  • Ty Newydd – Neolithic Burial Chamber (dolmen) – Llanfaelog SH344738
  • Craig-yr-Allor – site of possible burial chambered tomb – Bryngwran SH370773
  • Trefignath – (3) Neolithic chambered long cairn (3000-2000BC) – Trearddur SH258805
  • Borthwen Beach – a folly cromlech (dolmen) – Rhoscolyn SH271751
  • Presaddfed – (2) Neolithic chambered tombs(dolmen) – Bodedern SH347808

Ty NewyddtrefnigathPresaddfed burial chambers

  • Treiorwerth – Bronze Age round barrow – Bodedern SH354805
  • Bedd Branwen – Bronze Age round barrow cairn – Llanddeusant – SH361850
  • Foel Fawr – possible collapsed chambered tomb – Llanfechell SH361920
  • Pen-y-Morwyd – Bronze Age round barrow – Llanfechell SH384912
  • Pen-y-Fynwent – Bronze Age round barrow – Rhosybol SH434889
  • Maen Chwyf – possible collapsed chambered tomb / natural feature – (nr) Llannerchymedd SH432857
  • Lligwy -Neolithic chambered tomb (c 2500-2000BC late Neolithic)(nr) Moelfre SH501860
  • Pant-y-Saer – Neolithic chambered tomb (Cromlech) – Benllech SH509824
  • Coed-y-Glyn – Neolithic chambered tomb – Benllech SH514817
  • Llanddyfnan – mutilated Bronze Age round barrow (tumulus)(nr) Pentraeth SH508784
  • Hendrefor / Ucheldref – (2) Neolithic chambered tombs – Llansadwrn SH551773
    Lligwy burial chamberDin Lligwy burial chamberBedd Branwen 
    Some areas may be on private land and permission to roam may be required.
     There are public footpaths leading to most places.
    Safety and care must be taken at all times, as some areas are difficult to get to due to hills and slopes that may lead away from paths.
    If you have any further information that may be helpful, I would kindly appreciate and accept any further assistance.